Self Flying PlanesSelf-flying aircraft
Self-propelled planes can get here earlier than you think. Here is the reason why
Crucial components, such as the system of artifical intelligentsia that "makes choices that would be made by pilots", will be piloted next year. The number of dashboard personnel may be reduced even before truly pilotsless aircraft appear. It would not be the first times that the airline industries have reduced manning. There were five persons flying a commercial aircraft in the 1950' - two pilot, one flying technician, one wireless technician and one navigation officer.
During the 90s, the aeronautical engineer vanished. In view of this tendency, fully automatic aerospace may seem unavoidable. An August paper suggested that the airline sector could cut $35 billion annually by moving to self-flying airplanes. The question of whether travellers are prepared to get on a flightless aeroplane is a different one. In the same vein, only one in six people would be able to enjoy a fully automatic airplane.
Another aspect of the development of pilotsless aircraft is security. Civil air transport is one of the most secure means of transport in almost every respect. Few aircraft accidents kill more than 50 persons per year, and in many years it is zero. Also, in the uncommon cases where something goes awry, the pilots mistake is often the cause.
Unaccompanied flights could make air crashes even rarer. A UPS freighter in Alabama went down in 2013, causing both drivers to die; an inquiry accused the plane of crashing due to tiredness and piloting errors. In the following year, a Malaysian Airlines plane went astray and disappeared; although the cause of the alleged plane fall remained a puzzle, the plane is thought to have fallen into the Indian Ocean.
A Germanwings aircraft in the Alps went down in 2015, fatally claiming the lives of all 150 passengers on the aircraft; it was later discovered that the aircraft was psychologically impaired and had deliberately fallen. Enhanced automatization could have at least prevented some of these catastrophes - for example, by making it more difficult for drivers to oversteer the automatic piloting system.
An aircraft could be coded to refuse a course reversal that would, for example, take it too far away from the country, or an elevation reversal order if it would steer the aircraft below the elevation of the ambient area. On the other hand, there were days when the drivers rescued the tag. Captain Chesley Sullenberger, a 30 year experienced airman, led the aircraft to a Hudson River descent when a U.S. Airways aircraft fell out of control after meeting a gaggle of goose just after LaGuardia's launch in 2009.