Used Single Engine Airplanes for SaleTo sell used single engine aircraft
Carburator Consulting - A phenomena the FAA received from drivers immediately after they ran out of gasoline. OBJECTIVE - Geographical position 30 min after the bubble point of capture of the aviator. Failure - A situation that arises when all your petrol tank is riddled with lowctane air. FIRE WALL - Section of the airplane specially developed to conduct warmth and fumes into the flight deck.
The GLIDE DISTRANCE - Half the way from an aircraft to the next stop. HYDROPLAN - An aircraft that has been conceived for a long take-off and take-off on a brief and damp strip. The MINI MAG LITE is a device that supports the AA batteries market. NEUNOSE CUSTOMERS - Time lag between the low fuel consumption warning lamp and the carburettor frost.
AREA - Usually about 3 leagues from target. RIGHT MAINTENANCE right maintenance - what you order at another pilots promotional event. The ROGER is used when you are not sure what else to say. SECTIONAL ChART - Any diagram ending 25 nm before your target.
What the hell isn't right with twins in pistons?
At the height of the boom of plunger airplanes used for home and office trips, a query was usually put to holders of high-performance singles: What time are you going to become a Gemini? However, in the annals of civil aeronautics, new twins were not a major consideration.
This means that the mean life of the plunger twin is now over 45 years. In order to be honest, high performing singlets, especially retractable ones, are also wilted on the grapevine, but that's another tale. Many things worked against the Gemini, with the costs of purchase and running probably the largest.
For me, this fundamental pilots' confusion about aircraft has been a major cause of the unhappy accidents and insurances that have evolved over the years. All of us, the industries, the press like me, and the FBI like me, and then the FAA, didn't have a good grasp of the planes they could give to people.
Prior to the Second World War, only two Gemini were created, which could be described as twin persons. Many years ago I saw a Langley Twin in the Lindenangar, N.J., and it seemed like a delicate item of cabinetry resembling a miniature beech 18. Two 90 hp motors drove it, so it must have been a poor performing engine.
Since it had been registered as a civil aircraft before the WWII, it was relatively easy to transform the excess UC-78s and AT-17s back into civil T-50s. Many of us got our initiation into plunger twinning flight there in the 1940' and early 1950' as on 29.7.52, when I got my first lesson binary in a T-50, N4692N.
In my logbook I see an equipment assignment in the Gemini, and if I recall correctly, a great deal of feasting was taking place in the Heaven. One early (1956) Cessna 310 had 240 hp motors and spring supports and weighted a maximum of 4,600 lbs vs. 5,700 lbs for the T-50. So the T-50 had a single engine mode: forward and reverse.
It had good stable qualities and I don't remember doing anything unpleasant in the beginner's hand. I was sent off alone in the plane with a 232 overall and six in the T-50. Received my multi-engine evaluation on 10/52/9. Flying some airplane charters (all before I was 20 years old), but when it came to an initial inspections in February 1953, it was determined that it was a great squandering of moneys.
A large part of the aircraft cloth would just not meet the test requirements. My flying teacher gave me a review on 24.08.53 and, you know what, that made me a multi engine flying teacher. Later when the flying teachers received certifications that had to be updated every two years, everything was great and my certification showed one and multi-engined airplanes and dashboard aircraft.
Has anyone really thought that this would make me a helpful teacher in the new kind of twin that would come on the scene? Since most other multi-engine trainers had a similar story, this was a common issue, probably about half the time. The majority of CAA/FAA employees in Air Standards were former members of the armed forces with a high focus on air transportation pilot and persons participating in air force combat education.
We had some air bombers and a few fighters, but it was the boys from the Air Transport Command and the Army Training Command who gave the orders. and they were hard men who knew nothing about civil aviation. A particularly necessary manoeuvre for a multi-engine assessment was essentially strictly hazardous.
Vmc (Engine out minimal controll speed) demos were supposed to be as low as possible, but not below 500ft. Vmc was not much above the stable in many twin riders, so the driver had to go dangerously low and slowly and then abruptly introduce an asymmetrical push.
When the FAA stated the low height, the FAA did so to maximise the available performance of naturally ventilated motors. We' d travel with our Piper Pacer. An LRPD official in his part-time position, he worked as an instructor and charters flyer for Central Flying Service. Ralph went as an observant on a multi-engine FAA test in a Beech Travel Air, N819B, after we had gone, and a little later in the mornings.
Aeroplane shot shallow and all four inmates were immediately murdered. Had flown a D50B Twin Bonanza for a small building contractor and got my ATR (now ATP) in that aircraft, so I estimate they just thought that I could deal with the smaller Travel Air. Not daring to touch any of the edges of the cover, I had no idea of the aircraft's low speeds characteristics.
Nobody recognized then that this was the beginning of a killing process due to the way the FAA wanted Vmc to demonstrate in multi-engine flying schooling. During the following years this incident on 22.07.58 was repeated a dozen and a dozen Times, mainly in Beech Travel Airs and Barons and in Piper Twin Comanches.
It seemed after a while that the FAA was giving multi-motor rating to the workout survivalists. In 1964 the Twin Comanche appeared and in 1968 it was generally regarded as a hazardous aircraft. At FAA-certified practice, it was. One third of deadly injuries in the Twin Comanche happened on practice missions.
What was the number of flight times on practice planes? Back then, it was assumed that the 33 per cent of incidents occurred in about five per cent of the flight period. This is the only other place where I know if IFR/IMC nights are performed with such a serious separation where there are many casualties during a relatively small flight.
Piper and the twin farm were thoroughly inspected by the authorities. In a powerstall the primary driver was that the right piano was blocked far in front of the right piano. That'?d make the plane taxi to the south. As I can testify, it happened with great excitement and more than one of us stopped making stands in the plane because you had to quickly learned to recover from backstroke when you were in deep stall. What I mean is that you had to quickly recover from backstroke.
The Piper tried the plane in spin and found out that it can be restored with conventional technology. Most of the workout injuries, however, happened at levels too low for effective healing. Even though the glider's right hand side came to a standstill first, the glider rolled to the right, but most of the practice turns were to the right.
This was simply because the instructor/examiner/inspector was on the right side and usually broke the right engine. The aircraft was optimized by piper with stable stripes and counter-rotating requisites to bring both grand pianos to the stable at the same tim. In 1968 I changed to this book and have written about the issue of twinning in both Air Facts and Fluiding.
Personally, I made many journeys to Washington to ask the FAA Flight Standards Officer to mitigate the Vmc-request. There' s no doubt that a pilot's skills are subjected to critical testing if an engine breaks down in the first two or three minute after the start force advances.
If, however, an engine breaks down during a mission, the pilots are still facing a single-engine approach. Two things were at the top of the lists when other deadly twins were contemplated as meteorological incidents. The number of trainings injuries with doubles was much higher than with single persons and the number of deadly injuries with doubles due to badly flew engine exits was much higher than in the first two or three min utes of the race.
However, the practice was focused on Vmc, as it referred to the ascent directly after the start. While teaching Gemini, I always had seminarians who landed the plane with a pinnate support. For me, it was a straightforward thing that I wanted everyone I educated in a Gemini to be there and do so if they ever came face to face with an actual machine outage.
With the development of crash recording over the years, the issue of practice crashes has become less of an issue, mainly because they were such a big issue and had attracted so much attention that there were no more unpleasant things to surprise. FAA eventually retreated from Suicidal Vmc protests, but only after some remarkable failures of flight standards.
In addition, twin babies had appeared in the new look that were much gentler than the old ones. Beech Duchess was developed to be manageable under harsh conditions, and if you turn it, even when one engine is switched off and the other is widely open, it would not flatten and would be easy to recover.
Piper Seminole was developed with past problems in view and is a true pussy in comparison to Piper twin Comanche. On the way there, I learnt something else about twins misunderstandings. I and my dad ran a 250 Comanche which was superseded by a 1964 version of the Comanche.
So I carried the assurance and was a little astonished to see an extensive review to mirror a much lower comprehensive assurance rates for the Gemini. Except for workout crashes, was it really that much more safe than the single? After researching it I found out that it actually took a higher chance than the single and I have written about it in Air Facts.
Even the industrial sector has wrongly assessed and treated Gemini like another aircraft. The majority of Gemini had no key, so the cash register could be even easier. Flying many gemini without proper practice or cash register and others with only the shortest load through the aircraft. The Cessna 310 cash register lasted one hours, the Piper Apache was 45 min, the Aero Commander twin 30 min, and I was checking myself out at Beech Travel Air.
Once I got unchecked on those planes, I could begin teaching on them. The twin practice, check-out and performance demands that we have today simply weren't there when the planes came onto the market. In my opinion, the Gemini were forever stained by the initial issues that began in the latter part of the fifties and culminated in the sixties.
Slowness was the order of the day, but in recent times strict educational and experiential standards have kept the pilot away from the aircraft in order to take out cover for lightweight twin aircraft. Among the small number of new twin aircraft on sale today, only a few are likely to be used for commercial and/or private use.
Due to the small number of buildings being constructed and the fact that most Gemini trainings are now conducted in vocational schools such as aviation schools and education facilities, we will never know what the contemporary Gemini would look like if they were used like the Gemini in the good old time. Many of these old Gemini still fly, but most are not very actively.
Actually, the costs of running an old Gemini relate more to what it would be costing today than to any good deal on the second-hand markets. Personally, I would like to say that these Gemini really enjoyed flying. Double the hp was for those of us who thought that excellency in aircraft means flying as quickly as possible, making as much fuss as possible and combusting as much throttle as possible.