England and WalesWales and England
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The England and Wales (Welsh: Cymru a Lloegr) Convention is a juridical competence for England and Wales, two of the four United Kingdom states. "The term "England and Wales" shall constitute the constitutionally constituted succession of the former Kingdom of England and shall follow a uniform system of laws known as British laws. Wales Decentralised National Assembly (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was established in 1999 by the United Kingdom Parliament under the 1998 Act of Wales and provides a certain level of self-government in Wales.
Assembly authority was extended by the 2006 Act of Wales, which allows the Assembly to enact its own legislation, and the Act also provided for the formal separation of the Welsh Assembly from the Welsh Assembly and the Welsh Assembly. England has no equal organ directly administered by the United Kingdom Parliament and the United Kingdom Administration.
The territory of present-day England and Wales was managed as a unified entity during the period of German rule, with the sole exceptions of the country to the northern part of the Hadrian Wall, although Britannia was finally prolonged to the Antonin/Severan Wall. The Romans, after the invasion, managed this area as a unified entity, the Great Britain Provinces.
When the Romans withdrew, the British of Wales evolved their own legal system, which was first encoded by Hywel Dda (Hywel the Good; ruled 942-950) when he was King of most of today's Wales, while in England Anglo-Saxon legislation was first encoded by Alfred the Great in his legal text, c.?.
After the Norman incursion into Wales in the eleventh centuries, however, British legislation was applied in the parts of Wales captured by the Normans (Welsh Marches). 1283 the British, under the leadership of Edward I, with the largest armed forces assembled in England since the eleventh centuries, captured the rest of Wales, then organized as the Principality of Wales, unified with the British throne by the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284.
The aim was to substitute Wales penal code with British one. Britain and Wales are considered as a unified entity for most ends, since they are the constitutionally constituted successors of the former Kingdom of England. Thus, most of the legislation in England also covered Wales. Parliament, however, now adopts legislation that applies to Wales and not to England (and the other way round), a practise that was scarce before the mid-20th cenury.
The Welsh language laws 1967 and 1993 and the Government of Wales Act 1998 are good cases in point. The National Assembly for Wales policies and laws enacted since the Government of Wales Act 2006 also govern Wales, but not England. The Government of Wales Act, which entered into force in May 2007, allows the National Assembly for Wales to enact laws relating to the tasks entrusted to it.
The Welsh Assembly received immediate legislative power after a 3 March 2011 referenda, without having to seek advice from Westminster. It was the first in almost 500 years that Wales had its own legislative power. Every part of Welsh legislature is called an act of assembly.
In order for a corporation to be formed in the United Kingdom, its request for incorporation with Companies House must state "whether the domicile of the corporation shall be in England and Wales (or Wales), Scotland or Northern Ireland" which determines the laws governing that economic unit.
Registrar of Companies may be referred to as "in Wales" if the entity intends to use a name ending in cyber syngdig or cyber instead of Limited or Ltd. and/or certain other benefits in connection with the formal use of the Welsh Language. A few organizations join together to form "England and Wales", others are separated.
Concerning racing, cricket has a mixed global squad managed by the England and Wales Board of Directors, which also regulates racing in both countries, while soccer, as well as the commonwealth games, players of the European Rallys, European Rallys, Commonwealth Games, etc. have their own representatives for each state. Some Welsh associations, Cardiff City F.C. and Swansea City F.C. in particular, are playing in the British Liga system, while The New Saints F.C., which represent places on both sides of the frontier, is playing in the Welsh Liga system.
A number of confessions are organised on the base of England and Wales, mainly the Roman Catholic but also small confessions such as the Evangelical Presbyterian one. Before the dissolution of the Wales Society in 1920, the English Catholic Society was active in Great Britain under the auspices of the British Society throughout Wales and England.
Election commissions shall keep a record of those candidates which are organized according to the place of activity of the candidate (either England, Wales or England and Wales). A number of trade associations in England and Wales are represented, including the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales, the General Council of the Bar, the Law Society, the National Farmers Union and the Police Federation of England and Wales.
Further are the Canal & River Trust, the Charity Commission, the General Register Office for England and Wales, the Police Inspectorate, the HM Land Registry, Her Majesty's Prison Service, Mountain Rescue in England and Wales, the Worshipful Company of Chartered Accountants and the Youth Hostels Association. Rankings in England and Wales differ from those in Northern Ireland, Scotland and the Commonwealth.
England and Wales have a strong legal and historical environment in which to operate.