340 AirplaneAircraft 340
Skip up to: a p d e d e f g h Demand Media, Inc (2008). Skip up to: a p d p d Federal Aviation Administration (August 1994). Skip up ^ Thaylor 1980, pp. 318-319. Skip up ^ Heylor 1982, p. 454. Skip up ^ Thaylor 1988, p. 461-462.
Taylor, John W. R. Janes All The World's Aircraft 1980-81. Jane's Verlag, 1980. Taylor, John W. R. Janes All The World's Aircraft 1982-83. Jane's Yearbooks, 1982. Taylor, John W. R. Janes All The World's Aircraft 1988-89. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data, 1988.
sspan class="mw-headline" id="Development">Entwicklung
Airbus A 340 is a long-range, four-engine, large-format aircraft engineered and manufactured by the Airbus Group, the leading global aircraft manufacturer.... Toulouse, France, was the site of assembly of the Airbus A 340. In the 1970' s, when Airbus was designing the Airbus A 300, the firm planned a large aircraft line-up to fight Boeing and McDonnell Douglas, two incumbent US aircraft and space companies.
Since its inception, Airbus had started research on Airbus A300B derivative products to help achieve this long-term objective. Before the first Airbus aircraft entered operation, Airbus had previously recognised nine possible variants of the Airbus A 300 as A300B1 to B9. 13] A tenth variant designed in 1973, later the first to be built, was given the designation A300B10.
It was a smaller airplane that was to be evolved into the long-range Airbus A310. The Airbus focus then shifted to the singles island segment, resulting in the Airbus A 320 Family, the first ever civil jet fly-by-wire jet. Airbus departments were established by the German government's choice to work on the Airbus A 320 instead of a four-engine plane.
14 ] When the SA or "Single Aisle" trials (which later became the A320 ) were developed to test the Boeing 737s and Douglas DC-9s in the narrowbody and widebody markets, Airbus returned to the wide-body world. Another contributing element was the different preferences of those within Airbus and especially of potential airline clients.
Adam Brown, Airbus VP Strategy Development, recalled: "The first TA9 and TA11 specification were published in 1982. At the same the Airbus also outlined the TA12, a twin-jet TA11 derivation optimized for shorter cruising ranges of 3,700 km (2,000 nm).
Until the Paris Air Show in June 1985, TA9 and TA11 were further refined, among them the introduction of the Airbus' Airbus A320 flying decks, fly-by-wire FBW and sidestick controls. The introduction of a joint Airbus aircraft cabin enabled significant economies of scale for Airbus operations and crew switching after one full working day.
26 ] The components were designed to be modules and, where possible, exchangeable with other Airbus aircraft in order to lower manufacturing, servicing and operational cost. It was Airbus who had been in talks with McDonnell Douglas to join forces to manufacture the plane that would have been known as the AM 300. Although it was planned from the outset that the A340 would be driven by four CFM56-5 110 kN (25,000 pounds) units, Airbus had also thought about designing the plane as a tripod due to the limitations of the engine at the outset, namely the Rolls-Royce RB211-535 and Pratt & Whitney JT10D-232 (PW2000 renamed in December 1980).
In the course of further development of the Airbus A340, International Aero Engines, a group consisting of Rolls-Royce, Pratt & Whitney, Japanese Aero Engines Corporation, Fiat and MTU Aero Engines (MTU), introduced a radically new propulsion system variant. Lufthansa received the first Airbus -200 on 2 February 1993 and put it into operation on 15 March.
The first A340-300, the 1000th Airbus, was handed over to Air France on 26 February, the first of nine aircraft to go into service by the end of the year. 43 ] Air France replaces the Boeing 747 with the A340 on Paris-Washington D.C. and flies four flights a week. The Airbus has placed the bigger version of the Airbus A 350, in particular the A350-900 and A350-1000, as successor of the A340-500 and A340-600.
In 1998, the first A340-300, 4R-ADA, which went into operation at Frankfurt Airport, was the first carrier in Asia to use the A40. During February 2004, the airline's A340-500 operated the longest non-stop business aircraft in the industry and operated a non-stop connection between Singapore and Los Angeles. 88 ] In 2004, Singapore Airlines took off on an even longer non-stop stretch with the A340-500 between Newark and Singapore, SQ 21, a 15,344-kilometre stretch that was the longest non-stop schedule passenger trip in the book.
89 ] The carrier maintained this service on a regular basis until the carrier chose to discontinue the aircraft in favor of new A380s and A350s; its last Airbus 380 was operated at the end of 2013. Four different models of the A 340 are available. One of the first two editions of the Airbus A4, the -200 seats 261 people in a three-class aircraft with a cruising distance of 13,800 km (7,500 nmi) or 240 people in a three-class aircraft with a cruising distance of 15,000 km (8,100 nmi).
An Airbus A340-8000 was ordered by Princes Jefri Bolkiah, who demanded a non-stop distance of 15,000 kilometers (8,100 nmi). In addition to the -8000, some A340-200s are used for either V.I.P. or defence purposes; among the customers are Royal Brunei Airlines, Qatar Amiri Flight, the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Royal Saudi Air Force, Jordan and the French Air Force.
These aircrafts carry the designation A340-213X. In July 2017, Air Leisure withdrew the last example of the A340-200. 109 ] All still in service A340-200s still in service after July 2017 are either V.I.P. or executive jets. Lufthansa is the biggest carrier of this model, operating a total of 30 aircrafts.
Thai Airways International delivered the A340-541, a lower-rated certified A340, on April 11, 2007 as its first shipment. The A340-600 made its maiden voyage on 23 April 2001. November 15, 2007 - An A340-600 was struck during soil tests at the Airbus site at Toulouse Blagnac International Airport.
A number of security check were deactivated during an aero power test prior to delivery, resulting in the unchocked airplane speeding up to 31 kts (57 km/h) and clashing with a jet deflector. 142 ] The airplane was depreciated and later used in the Virgin Atlantic air steward ship operator education at Crawley. March 20, 2009 - Emirates Airline 407 was an Emirates Airline that flew an A340-500 from Melbourne to Dubai International.
From Melbourne International and Melbourne International the plane could not take off correctly and hit several parts at the end of the strip before finally returning to the airfield to land safely. Fires caused considerable damages to the front part of the plane and 10 persons were slightly injured. 148 ] The change was classified as uneconomical and the airplane was depreciated.
Skip up to: a p a " Completion of manufacturing will mark a new milestone in the Airbus A440 track record". Airbus. Archives from the originals on April 15, 2017. Skip up to: a d e d "Airbus orders and deliveries". The Airbus S.A.S. 31 July 2017. Returned on August 6, 2017. Hop up Long there.
International flight. Skip up to: a d p e "Airbus plane 2011 mean price list". Archives from the Airbus S.A.S. archive (PDF) on 13 March 2011. Returned on February 1, 2011. Climb to ^ "Dimensions & Figures | Airbus, a Major Aircraft Manufacturer". Archives from the originals, February 3, 2014.
Returned on July 6, 2016. Climb to ^ "Dimensions & Figures | Airbus, a Major Aircraft Manufacturer". Archives from the orginal on 30 June 2016. Returned on July 6, 2016. Skip up ^ "Aircraft Family - (A330-200) Specifications". Airbus. Archives from the originals on 4 March 2008. Skip up to: abc Flottau, Jens.
"Farewell to Airbus for Airbus A440, postpone A350 delivery. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 14, 2016. Skip up to: a pcc Andrea Rothman (2011-11-10). "The longest Airbus aircraft proves to be short-lived as orders for A340s dry up". Hop up to: a i Broderick, Sean. "A 340 operator's giving for interiors, engines.
" Posted on May 14, 2016 in the Wayback Machine. "Skip up to: a pcd " Improved A340 to take on 777". International flight. Skip up ^ Maynard, Micheline (June 11, 2008). Hop up ^ "World Airliner Part 2". International flight. Returned on January 23, 2011.
Hop up ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max (November 4, 1997). "A330/A340 Airbus". International flight. Returned on 26 January 2011. Skip to top ^ "Timeline 40 years of innovation" (PDF). Airbus. Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 27 May 2011. Returned on June 8, 2011. Skip to top ^ "World Ranger" (press release). Airbus. Archives from the originals on 23 February 2017.
Leap up ^ "Boeing 777 distance and speed world records confirmed" (press release). July 29, 1997. Skip up to: a by Brian Bostick (24 September 2012). Skip up ^ "New propulsion system for extended A340". International flight. Skip up to: a by Kieran Daly (June 15, 1994). "The A3XX design is chosen and Airbus is working to close the gap in the A3XX family.
International flight. Hop up to: a to " Airliners of the world". International flight. Hop up ^ Julyan Moxon (April 24, 1996). International flight. Max Kingsley-Jones, Guy Norris (August 28, 1996). Skip up to: a by David Learmount (9 October 1996). "The Airbus is pushing ahead with the development of new version of the A340".
International flight. Hop up Airliners of the worId. International flight. Hop up ^ Andrew Doyle (February 25, 1997). "when GE leaves the A340-600, Airbus experiences a setback." International flight. Hop up ^ Julyan Moxon (June 18, 1997). "with Rolls-Royce". International flight. Max Kingsley-Jones and Kevin O'Toole (December 17, 1997).
"The Airbus A340 trainee launch is taking place on the Airbus board". International flight. Skip up to: a by Max Kingsley-Jones (2 September 1998). International flight. Skip up ^ "A340-600 figures are a catastrophe for owners". Airplane Value News. Skip up ^ "A340-300 & B777-200ER Current & residuals 'On Watch' status". Archives from the Genuine on April 29, 2015.
Hop up ^ "Airbus A340". Leap up ^ "Airbus delays A350-900, ends Airbus A340. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on January 21, 2016. "In addition, the airline said it was ending the Airbus A440 programme, which has not been sold recently. Deliveries of all 246 Airbus A340-200 and -300 will take place.
The Airbus list includes 133 orders and 129 shipments for the A340-500/600 programme. "Climb up, Compart, Andrew. Luftfahrtwoche and Space Technology, 15 April 2013. pp. Climb on ^ "Tormented by old commitments, Airbus wants to increase the value of the A340". Returned on December 15, 2013. Leap to the top ^ "Airbus, aeroengine manufacturers speak for the bright ahead of the Airbus A340 - Leeham News and Comment".
Skip up ^ "Weight in wait. "Luftfahrtwoche und Raumfahrttechnik, 14 April 2014. pp. 54-55. Skip to top ^ "Company Jet > ACJ340". Airbus. Skip up ^ Obert 2009, p. 261. Hop up to: a p r e t o Montalk, J.P. Potocki. "Airbus A330/A340 - New Avionics Systems.
" Posted on March 31, 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ Obert 2009, p. 261, 448. Skip up ^ Gunston 2009, p. 188. Skip up ^ "Wing Geometry Definitions". Returned on March 17, 2011. Skip up to: a at Norris & Wagner 2001, p. 50. Skip up to: a for " A330-300 Dimensions & specifications".
Returned Airbus S.A.S. on 20 November 2012. Skip up to: a at Gunston 2009, p. 195. Skip up to: a a b a Norris & Wagner 2001, p. 31. Skip up ^ Gunston 2009, p. 197. Skip to top ^ "A330 flight decks and system briefings for pilots" (PDF). March 1999, Airbus S.A.S. p. 173.
Filmed from the orginal (PDF) on 28.12.2009. Returned on January 31, 2011. Hop up to: a d Dubois, Thierry. "The Airbus A340: Intelligent Design. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on August 13, 2016. Hop up to: a o n "A brief story of Virgin Atlantic. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on March 3, 2016.
Uh, Virgin Atlantic, retrieved: Hop up ^ Zuckerman, Laurence (July 1, 1999). "The Boeing and Airbus fight to sell the Singapore Airline." Returned on July 19, 2016. Spring high ^ "Singapore Airlines A340-500 flies into record books". Posted on June 22, 2016 in the Wayback Machine. The Airbus S.A.S., 4 February 2004. Skip up to: a for " Singapore Air makes longest flight".
Archives from the orginal from 25. December 2007. Hop up Peterson, Barbara. "Singapor Airlines completes the world's longest flight. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 12, 2014. Skip up ^ Doganis 2002, pp. 133-135. Leap up ^ Lombardo, David A. "Airbus introduces the Airbus A340-200izliner. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 14, 2016.
May 27, 2008 Aviation International News. The Bundeswehr wants to buy new government aircrafts in a hurry". Brought back on March 12, 2008. Hop up ^ Osborne, Tony. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 14, 2016. Skip to the top ^ "Image: "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 14, 2016. International Flight, 7 March 2007.
Hop up Whyte, Alasdair. "Filed April 16, 2016 at Wayback Machine. corporatejetinvestor.com, August 16, 2013. Hop up Michaels, Daniel. "Filed on December 28, 2011, in the Wayback Machine. The Wall Street Journal, July 8, 2008. Climb on airlines to tame long fuel-efficient flight, Wall Street Journal, July 8, 2008, p. B1-B2.
Hop up ^ Carol Matlack. "Airbus' A340 resale price guarantee could be costing billions - Businessweek". Brought back on April 1, 2015. Hop up ^ Carol Matlack. "Airbus' A340 resale price guarantee could be costing billions - Businessweek". Archives from the originals, 24 September 2015. Brought back on April 1, 2015. Kingsley-Jones, Max.
Returned on July 19, 2016. Hop up ^ Haria, Rupa. "Luftfahrtwoche und Raumfahrttechnik, 14 April 2014. pp. 54-55. Hop up ^ Gubisch, Michael. "In 2019, Snowma will test the open rotors of the Airbus A 340. "Filed at the Wayback Machine on May 14, 2016. International air service, January 2, 2014. Warwick, Graham.
" Posted on May 14, 2016 in the Wayback Machine. Skip up ^ "ICAO Doc. 8643". The International Civil Aviation Organization. Returned on February 9, 2011. Skip up ^ "A330/A340 Family: Airbus. Archives from the orginal on 19 November 2010. Brought back on November 1, 2010. Skip up to: a or " product catalogue". Archives from the originals on 12 July 2011.
Brought back on November 18, 2010. Skip to top ^ "The market for Large Commercial Jet Transports 2011-2020" filed on September 29, 2011 at the Wayback Machine.... International forecast, July 2011. Skip up ^ "Boeing: 777 much better than A330". Hop up to: a p d e p e d "World Airline Census 2018".
Bounced 2018-08-22. Skip up to: a or " product catalogue". Archives from the originals on 12 July 2011. Brought back on November 18, 2010. Skip up ^ "A340-500 Specifications". Airbus. Archives from the originals on 22 January 2011. Skip up ^ "777-200LR Features". Hop up ^ Clark, Andrew (June 29, 2004). "Rekord-longest flights fly in the face of their critics."
Brought back on February 3, 2010. Skip up to: abc Bachman, Justin (October 21, 2013). Returned on April 6, 2017. Hop up ^ Andrew Clark (11 May 2004). Returned on May 11, 2012. Kingfisher expands its Airbus portfolio with the acquisition of five A340-500s" (press release). Airbus. April 24, 2006.
Archives from the orginal on 3 December 2010. Returned on November 10, 2010. Leap to the top ^ "Airbus, aeroengine manufacturers speak for the bright ahead of the Airbus Airbus A340 Leeham News and Comment". Hop up ^ Norris, Guy and Mark Wagner (2001). The Airbus A 340 and A 330. Skip up ^ "VIRGIN ATLANTIC'S A340-600 - THE LONGEST PLANE IN THE WORLD-TAKES ITS FIRST COMMERCIAL FLIGHT".
Brought back on December 3, 2010. Hop high ^ "Virgin Atlantic's A340-600 - the longest plane in the world - is taking its first commercial flight". Archives from the originals on 27 November 2010. Brought back on December 3, 2010. Hop up ^ Robertson, David (April 7, 2007). "Carrier consider claiming damages against Airbus for obese aircraft."
Archives from the originals on 8 April 2007. Brought back on April 7, 2007. The new A340-600 will blow you up." Archives from the orginal on 19 May 2006. Brought back on August 6, 2006. Climb to ^ "The A340-600 is a new certification that increases 18% productivity". April 14, 2006. Archives from the 16th June 2006 edition.
Brought back on August 6, 2006. Climb on ^ "Emirates orders 41 more Airbus aircraft". Archives from the orginal on 19 May 2006. Brought back on August 6, 2006. Leap up ^ Wallace, James; Aerospace, P-I (November 29, 2007). Returned on July 2, 2011. Skip to top ^ "Airbus A340 fuselage losses". aviation-safety.net. The Flight Safety Foundation.
Returned on April 10, 2014. Leap up ^ Accident report for Airbus A340-211 F-GNIA at Aviation Safety Network. Returned on April 10, 2014. Skip to top ^ FSF Redaktion. "Airbus crew on Airbus A340 performs emergency stop with transmission partly deployed on LH" (PDF). flightsafety.org. Returned on December 15, 2017. Skip up ^ "The Sabena A 340 is suffering from the collapse of the undercarriage.
Bounced 2017-07-23. Leap up ^ Accident report for Airbus A340-312 4R-ADD at Aviation Safety Network. Returned on April 10, 2014. Skip high ^ "Intelligence losses uncovered by the Tamil Tiger assault". Archives from the originals on 25 February 2008. Leap up ^ Accident report for Airbus A340-313X F-GLZQ at Aviation Safety Network.
Returned on April 10, 2014. Upward leap ^ "TSB recommends changing runways in view of Air France's collision. "Filed on December 13, 2007, in the Wayback Machine. Leap up ^ Airbus A340-642 EC-JOH casualty report at Aviation Safety Network. Returned on April 10, 2014. Skip up to: a y "Accident on 15 November 2007 at the Toulouse Blagnac airfield with the Airbus A340-600 serial number 856" (PDF) (in French).
Archives from the PDF file of November 16, 2009. Brought back on November 4, 2009. Spring up ^ Kaminski Morning, David (December 10, 2008). Archives from the originals on 4 January 2013. Leap up ^ "Toulouse crash happened when the Airbus A 340 left the jet test pen". <font color="#ffff00">-==- proudly presents Archives from the orginal from 11. December 2008.
Returned on November 17, 2008. Hop up ^ Stewart, Cameron (September 12, 2009). Returned on 26 January 2011. Hop up ^ Whinnett, Ellen (July 12, 2009). Skip up ^ "Serious Event, AD Barcelona, 14 July 2017, AIRBUS - A 340, A 7 AGC". Skip up ^ "Lufthansa 340 damaged when truck catches fire at Frankfurt airport".
Bounced 2018-06-17. Skip up to: a p a " Aircraft Characteristics Airport Planung - A340-200/300" (PDF). Airbus. Skip up to: a p a " Aircraft Characteristics Airport Planung - A340-500/600" (PDF). Airbus. Skip up to: a p e Type Certificate Data Sheet A.015 AIRBUS 340 Issue 20 (PDF). Archives from the Genuine (PDF) on 19 July 2011.
Returned on January 28, 2011. Skip up ^ "Airbus Aircraft Data File". Design of commercial aircraft. In July of 1999. Skip to top ^ "Previous generation aircraft > A340-300". It'?s gotta be Airbus. Skip up ^ "Airbus A340-300" (PDF). Skip up ^ "Airbus A340-600" (PDF). Commercial aircraft: International Airlines' economy. Zivilflugzeuge today. Whole story, all of it.
A turbulent history of Boeing commercial aircraft. The Airbus A 340 and A 330. Airbus. Aero-dynamic design of transport aircraft.