Jat AirlinesYat Airlines
Airways (Serbian: ?????? ??????) Jat ervejz, stylised as JatAirways; pronounciation in Serbian: Yugoslavia ) was the biggest air company in Serbia and the former Yugoslavia. Established in 1927 as Aeroput, the company stopped operating during the Second World War. Following the resumption of flight in 1947, the company was re-named JAT Jugoslovenski Aerotransport on 1 April 1947.
On 8 August 2003, the name of the carrier was changed again. The Jat Airways and its predecessor were one of the oldest airlines still in use. Air traffic took place at Nikola Tesla Airport in Belgrade and the carrier flew to 72 regular flights to 72 foreign locations outside the former Yugoslav territories as well as charter and Wet Leasing flights.
3 ] Jat Airways was held by the Serbian authorities and employed 1,250 people. A Memorandum of Understanding was concluded between the Governments of Serbia and Etihad Airways on 1 August 2013 which reorganised Jat Airways' operation and changed its name to Air Serbia at the end of the transition phase. Certain asset items, such as the ATR 72 plane, would be transferred to Air Serbia, while other asset items (such as the 737-300s) would continue to be the trademark of JAT Airways until retirement.
1946 showed that the Yugoslavian Air Force could not be included in the development of civilian air travel after the end of the Great Patriotic War. 16. On April 1, 1947 the company was formally re-named JAT - Jugoslovenski airtransport. Long distance flights to North America, Australia and the Far East were operated with the Boeing 707, launched in 1970.
In the same year, three new Boeing 727s were presented. The 1976 fleets included 4 Boeing 707s, 13 McDonnell Douglas DC-9s, 3 Boeing 727s, 5 Caravelles and a Convair. A McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 wide-body Douglas DC-10-30 (selected for the Boeing 747-200) was bought in 1978 to replace the Boeing 707 on long-haul flights, although the 707 continued to operate in ad hoc charter and commercial services until the 1980s.
A DC-10-30 was followed some years later by the acquisition of a middle distance airplane. Another two brandnew Boeing 727 were added to the family. JAT was the first carrier in Europe to buy Boeing 737-300s in 1985. And JAT also built a large widebody airplane hangar as well as an engines test rig at the Belgrade Hub.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia disintegrated in 1992, leading to the wars in Yugoslavia. In order to commemorate the step that occurred with the reorganisation of the FR Yugoslavia to Serbia and Montenegro, JATugoslav Airlines renamed itself Jat Airways on 8 August 2003. Intair Link Airlines, located in Belgrade, was amalgamated with Jat in 2004, one year after Intair Link started operations.
In the course of 2005, the airline also retired all Boeing 727s and DC-9s. At that time Jat Airways was not a member of an alliance or partnership, but had access to codeshare on some itineraries with Adria Airways, Aeroflot, Air France, Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, B&H Airlines, KLM, LOT Polish Airlines and TAROM.
Montenegro's authorities on 16 January 2008 said they would be selling 51% of the airline's shares. The initial charge for the 51% interest held by the carrier was 51 million, which was lower than the previously advertised 150 million, in order to raise interest rates. During 2011, the Serbia authorities heralded the creation of a Jat Airways sequel with a key partnership.
All of Jat's sound asset values, code share arrangements, aeroplanes and air slot holdings would be taken over by the new carrier. In 1950, when the name was first mentioned on the plane as the name of the company, the company had a plain, mainly blank, paint job. Throughout these years there was a Yugoslavian banner on the stern and the inscription Jugoslovenski Aerotransport on the stern.
Soon after, the carrier modified its paint scheme and added a rear section emblem with a sculpted eggshaped pink on the rear, where JAT was printed in plain black. Yugoslav Airlines was printed in copper on the hull. At that time the greatest changes were when the first Boeing 737-300s came with a silvery barrel.
The " eurowhite " painting was adopted and the centrepiece was a new dick emblem containing a stylised Yugoslavian banner, with the whiteness depicted by a couple of pairs of white leaves, the bigger leaf symbolising Serbia and the smaller Montenegro. JAT was for the first of its kind in small capitals printed in small blues on the plane.
Jugoslovenski Aerotransport was placed on the right side and Jugoslav Airlines on the left side and the words were in italics. 1996 the paintwork was slightly changed, whereby JAT was on the front with a small Yugoslavian flags in the "A" in the JAT in billiard board scale color.
In this period, most airplanes totally disappeared the rear sign due to the large rental of airplanes by JAT. In 2001, the paint was again renewed, with the flags in the poster title disappeared and the words Yugoslav Airlines and Jugoslovenski Aerotransport varnished in the same typeface as the principal logotype in dark brown.
But not all planes got this upgrade, because the paintwork was again upgraded with the new name " Jat Airways ". As of 20 March 2003, the name of the carrier was renamed Jat Airways. 29 ] A nationwide contest was organized for the creation of the new logos and the new paintwork. There were three points on the rear of the winner's design: black, white and black.
Aeroplane hull had a large Jat Airways track, with Jat in rot and Airways in blau. Jat Airways was the name of the new company and it was printed with three points in color blau, rot and blau. Airways Jat Airways was only painting one plane in these colors, a Boeing 737-300.
Catering is a Jat Airways affiliate and provides on-board catering for Jat Airways. Jat Airways aircrafts are equipped in a two-class layout. Jat has a Boeing section for B/C and Economics. At ATR 72, the carrier is offering a one-class layout with the back section of the cabin being previously in the back section, which was demolished in mid-2008.
All passengers receive a free copy of Jat's in-flight review. Contains a copy of the Jat Airways Review Magazin, large big armchairs in full size steel with restricted lying space and stowable storage shelves. Contains a copy of the Jat Airways Review Magazin, deep bluish hide seating with restricted lying space and stowable storage shelves.
In August 2012, the carrier began modernizing its Boeing 737-300 section of economic classes by substituting gray LED seatings. "The Extra Flight Club" is Jat Airways' regular flight programme. At Jat Airways we organise single and group charters with all Jat Airways type aircrafts, both national and group. The Jat Airways company provides freight forwarding service to all destination in its global airport system, including passengers and passengers as well as Podgorica and Tivat in Montenegro.
Throughout the years Jat Airways (JAT Yugoslav Airlines) has been operating the following type of aircraft: Known today as Jat Airways, the firm was established in January 1947 as JAT-Yugoslav Airlines. Aeroput, the Yugoslavian flag carrier established in 1927, ceased all flights to Yugoslavia in April 1941 during the Second World War.
On December 24, 1948, the Aeroput was wound up and all Aeroput's ownership, pilot age and mechanical equipment were handed over to the new company. Jat Airways regards Aeroput as its historic precursor and therefore often mentions "1927" as its founding date.