Jets and Planes

Aeroplanes and jets

There are also float planes, jumbo jet planes, propeller planes, wingwalkers, warbirds and even ultralight planes! See historic aircraft, wild aircraft carrier action and more in the US Air Force National Museum! Kitty Hawk, the shuttle ferry and the launch of Lots and Lots of Jets and Planes she has it all!


What does a turbojet do? "Ray Thruster Works" videotape. Of course, we take it for granted how easy it is for an aircraft with a weight of over half a million lbs to take off from the floor with such lightness. Thrusters move the aircraft forward with a great power, which is generated by an enormous push and makes the aircraft move very quickly.

At the front the motor draws in fresh water with a ventilator. There' s a supercharger increasing the press. Compressors consist of many vanes mounted on a wave. Blazing gasses dilate and flow through the jet at the rear of the motor. While the throttle jets are shooting backwards, the jet engines and the airplane are being pushed forward.

Whilst the warm compressed exhaust gas is flowing to the jet, it is flowing through another group of vanes known as the turbines. Turbo is mounted on the same axle as the compactor. Turning the turbines causes the compressors to rotate. Below you can see how the motor moves with the help of compressed aeration. There is a flow of fresh water through the motor and around the motor cores.

"A motor uses this concept.

A large amount of compressed exhaust gas is drawn into the motor. Force of ether is used for turning turbines. Eventually, when the exhaust blows, it presses backward from the motor. As a result, the layer moves forward. A part goes through the "core" or centre of the motor where it is influenced by the other motor parts.

A second part "bypasses" the motor cores. Through a channel that encircles the center to the rear, it generates much of the power that drives the aircraft forward. Colder ambient temperature will help calm the motor and give it power.

Supercharger - The supercharger is the first part of the motor kernel. Supercharger consists of ventilators with many vanes fixed to a wave. Compressors push the incoming compressed atmosphere into ever smaller areas, resulting in an increased atmospheric flow rate. Turbo - The high-energy stream of compressed exhaust gas from the combustion chamber flows into the turbines and causes the vanes to turn.

They are connected by a spindle to rotate the vanes in the condenser and to rotate the suction ventilator forward. These rotations absorb some of the power from the high power current used to power the ventilator and compressors. Gas generated in the combustor moves through the engine and rotates its vanes.

Jet - The jet is the flue of the motor. It is the part of the powerplant that actually generates the thrusts for the aircraft. Besides the cooler bypassing around the jet unit's inner workings, the exhausted energetic stream of wind that flowed past the turbines generates a power as it leaves the jet, causing the jet unit and thus the aircraft to move forward.

Combining warm as well as cool compressed gas is driven out and produces an exhauster which causes a forward push. Upstream of the jet there can be a mixing valve which mixes the high-temperature compressed gas from the motor heart with the lower-temperature compressed gas from the ventilator.

Makes the motor quiet. Once the heated aerial flows backwards through the jet, the level will move forward. Giffard Henri Giffard constructed an dirigible propelled by the first airplane machine, a steamer with three horses. Felix de Temple in 1874 constructed a Monoplan that jumped down a mound with the help of a coal-fired steamer.

At the end of the 1800s Otto Daimler discovered the first petrol motor. Early steamships were driven by hot charcoal and were usually much too difficult to fly. The American Samuel Langley built a modell plane that was driven by steamships. He succeeded in 1896 in flying with an unmanned aeroplane with a steam-powered jet propulsion system, the so-called airfield.

Then he tried to construct a fully-fledged airplane, airfield A, with a gas-powered motor. The Flyer brothers, the Wright brothers, flown with a 12-horsepower petrol motor in 1903. Between 1903, the year of the first Wright Brothers flights, and the end of the thirties, the gas-powered piston engines with propellers were the only means of powering airplanes.

In 1930, it was Frank Whittle, a UK aviator, who developed and patent the first turbojet aircraft. In May 1941 the Whittle motor successfully flown for the first time. It consisted of a multi-stage supercharger and combustor, a single-stage steam generator and a steam injector. In August 1939, the first aircraft to successfully use a gasturbine was the German Heinkel He 178.

This was the world's first turbojet-powered airplane. The first US power plant for the US Army Force jets was constructed by General Electric. The XP-59A was the first experiment airplane to be flown in October 1942. Well, the main concept of the turbine power unit is quite straightforward. Aspirated from an opening in the front of the motor, the intake duct compresses to 3 to 12 fold the initial compression force.

Additonally, gasoline is added to the compressed exhaust and burnt in a combustor to increase the liquid mix to about 1,100°F to 1,300°F. The resulting heated exhaust passes through a steam generator that powers the supercharger. Provided the turbines and compressors are effective, the outlet pressures of the turbines will be almost twice as high as the atmosphere pressures, and this overpressure will be directed to the jet to generate a high-speed flow of throttle that generates shear.

Considerable thrusts can be achieved by using an aftertreatment burner. This is a second combustor located after the turbines and in front of the jet. Post burner raises the temperatur of the gases in front of the jet. Resulting from this rise in temperatures is an approximately 40 per cent rise in take-off push and, at high speed, a much higher rise in take-off push once the aircraft is in the sky.

Powered by a jet propulsion system, it is a reactive motor. Expansion gas in a reactive motor pushes the front of the motor harder. Jet turbines suck in and compress or squeeze compressed energy. Gas flows through the turbines and causes them to rotate. This gas rebounds and shoots from the back of the tailpipe and pushes the aircraft forward.

Turbo prop is a turbo thruster mounted on a prop. At the back, the turbines are rotated by the heated gasses, by a wave that propels the prop. Several small airplanes and transportation planes are propelled by turbo-props. Just like the turbocompressor jets, the turbo-prop engines consist of compressors, combustors and turbines. The compressed atmosphere and natural-gas pressure are used to operate the turbines, which then generate energy to propel the compressors.

In comparison to a turbo-jet power unit, the turbo-prop has a better power output at airspeeds below about 500 mph. State-of-the-art turbo prop thrusters are fitted with smaller diametre yet greater number of vanes to enable effective operations at much higher airspeeds. At the front, a turbine has a large ventilator that draws in fresh water.

The majority of the flow is around the outside of the powerplant, which makes it quiet and gives more power at low revs. The majority of today's aircraft are driven by turbo fans. Inside a jet of turbines, all the incoming inlet gases pass through the alternator, which consists of the compressors, combustor and turbines.

Only part of the inflowing compressed oxygen reaches the combustor of a turbine fanned turbine power plant. Most of the rest runs through a ventilator or low-pressure condenser and is discharged directly as a "cold" stream or blended with the flue gases of the alternator to form a "hot" stream. It is the aim of such a by-pass system to raise propulsion without raising mileage.

It is another type of gasturbine motor that functions similarly to a turbo-prop system. This turbo -shaft power unit is dimensioned so that the rotational revolutions of the chopper rotors are not dependent on the rotational revolutions of the throttle generators. It is the simplest type of turbojet and has no movable parts.

Velocity of the beam "rams" or pushes compressed energy into the motor. Basically, this is a turbine stream in which rotary machines have been dispensed with. A ram beam does not develop a statical shear and generally only a very small shear below the velocity of sonic waves. Consequently, a ram blast truck will require a type of assist take-off, such as another airplane.

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