Learjet Enginelear jet engine
5 million, these aircraft incorporate the recertified Cessna Mustang and Eclipse 500 as well as the Adam A700, HondaJet and Embraer Phenom 100 aircraft in the pipeline.
With Part 23, nothing is naturally incorrect, and many aircraft are certificated to these standards. However, stricter requirements for Part 25 require a higher standard of power, especially when starting after an engine breakdown. One small business in Denison, Texas, has found this out and sells part 25 Learjet certification aircraft running Learjet versions running smoothly for hours on end and running on different upgrades.
BestJet president Roger Humiston asks himself why he is waiting for a new Part 23 aircraft when you can buy a Part 25 Learjet that surpasses the new ones many times over and is today airworthy? Humiston's upgraded Learjets are Best Sets 21 Century Learjet 26s, and they are offered in three iterations: Gold, silver and platinum, all with new colours and interiors.
Best Jets - the most costly of all iterations - feature Universal EFI-890R Electronics featuring split screen technology with single screen mode and motors with a durable dual coil compression impeller that does not increase power but drastically reduces engine uptime. Best Jet's Golden Editions include the upgrades to the solidarity pool rotors, but not the Universal Apovionics System, while Best Jet's Golden Editions use the old power plants without the new rotors.
One $150,000 staged III push kits are available in the printed circuit board price of $150,000 each. Led by Humiston's Kate Woolstenhulme, Best Jeets experts have added a dramatic new look to the Learjet's inside with new one-piece headliners and one-piece side panels that give the cab a contemporary, sleek look. Individual carpets, Townsend Heritage leather seating and Lou Martin windows turn the six-seater Learjet 25 cab into a contemporary jettison.
Voolstenhulme and his crew used the position of the Lear Jet toilet potty chair opposite the entrance gate to create a closed toilet with handkerchiefs slipping out of the compartment behind the seating and a gate closing the dashboard. There' about 500 Learjet vintages, and vintage cars still in good shape, Humiston said.
Less time consuming and more powerful, the Learjet 24 can go through the same modification as the 25. The Best Aircraft division can manufacture 18 aircraft a year in its own production plant, including the interiors, engine reconditioning and major service area. Purchasing an older Learjet 24/25 compared to a newer Learjet has the advantage of improved power and certifications.
He is a powerful advocate of Part 25 certifications and their warranties of achievement, a differentiation he thinks Part 23 customers of very lightweight jet aircraft don't comprehend. In contrast to many Part 23 aircraft, the Learjet aircraft cell has no service lifetime limitation. The Learjet 25, especially the Best Jets' Platinum Edition, surpasses many aircraft at a much lower cost while still providing advanced convenience andvionics.
Best sold a Platinum Edition Learjet 25 for $4 million (certification of the Universal EFI-890R Bundle is planned for the second quarter). Nearest new aircraft to the Best Platinum Learinum Learjet 25 prize is Cessna's CJ1+ with just over $4 million. Those planes are slow than the Learjet 25 and have a similar outreach.
Mustang offers a high-speed 340 kn, CJ1+ 384 kn and Learjet 25 450 kn cruising. Naturally, the Learjet 25's propellant flux at this velocity is about a third more than that of the CJ1+ and almost two third more than that of the Mustang, but both Cessnas power plants are less efficient than the Learjet's General Electric CJ610 turbos.
Regarding the similar power, the two aircraft that come nearest to the Learjet 25 and are still available are Raytheon Aircraft's Premier IA and Hawker 400XP. Premier IA, costing $6 million, offers a combined seven seat capacity, one less than Learjet 25, has a max height of 41,000 ft, 10,000 ft less than Learjet 25 and about the same high-speed cruising, but with about 350 fph less throughput.
Hawker 400XP, with more than $7 million, offers nine seating places, can travel up to 45,000 ft and also operates at 450 knot, consuming about 300 lbs less per hour than Learjet 25. Premier IA is a Part 23 aircraft; Hawker 400XP is Part 25 certificated. Is it the freshness of the colours, the elegance of the interiors and the latest technology in your car's electronics that makes an old Learjet 25 such a good value?
Best aircraft have been sold so far and the airline has already finished 12 aircraft. The CJ610 had to supersede the ageing T-38 Talon squadron, a skilled coach driven by General Electric's bullet-proof J85, the naval arm of the CJ610 that propelled early Learjets. Trouble with the J85 and CJ610 is the air end impeller shape.
There are eight stages of the eight stages, consisting of a pile of eight disks and eight distance pieces, each of which is fixed to the wheel with 70 screws. Excellent engine running with this supercharger; power is no issue. However, if a FOD or bird strike damages a compressor vane, it must be serviced or a replacement made.
To get to the defective airfoil, the only way is to take the motor out of the aircraft, open the motor heart, dismantle the whole airfoil unit to get to the disk with the fractured airfoil, fix or exchange the airfoil, compensate all the disks, re-assemble the airfoil, fit the airfoil into the motor, and then fit the motor back into the aircraft.
The GE engineering team determined that at about 8,500 J85 in the fields, it would be viable to construct a fixed coil compression turbine replacing the initial one. Buckets of the solidarity coil rotors are mounted in the disk so that the buckets on the engine can be changed separately without removing the engine from the aircraft, which saves thousands of working hours just to fix a small FOD inconvenience.
There are 800 parts less in the fixed coil wheel than in the real one. Luftwaffe concluded a treaty on the purchase of fixed coil rotor, so that the T-38 could continue to fly until 2040. GE ruled that if the fixed coil was such a great concept for the J85, why not bring it to the merchant stage, not only for the CJ610, but also for the Falcon 20 CF700, which has the same heart.
Humaniston had already commissioned an FAA service center for CJ610 work at its Best Jet Learjet service and refurbishment plant in Denison, Texas. The replacement of the initial rotors by the solidarity coil rotors requires more than just the replacement of parts. Distances with the new rotors are much narrower; tip play is only two thousands of an inches, compared to 12 to 14 thousands of an inches with the old rotors.
Therefore, the new rotors and their vanes must be ground with a precise sanding unit especially developed for this task to fit the impeller housing. Mr. Humiston shoveled the Landis sander and a number of other GE specialist implements, along with George Ottendorf, former GE test driver and programme director for the CJ610, CF700 and J85, and Dale LaBrue, a long-time GE small-engine specialist and the mechanical engineer who suspended the CJ610 from the first Learjet 23.
"We' ve set up a large centre for the CJ610, CF700 and J85," said Humiston, Best Jet chairman. For the first time, the solidarity coil motor was commercial certification for the CJ610-6, which drives previous Learjets, but there is probably a bigger commercial launch for the solidarity coil motor in the CJ610-8A, according to Greg Brand, GE's programme managers for the CJ610 and CF700.
GE is working on the -8A motor fixed coil fixed coil and Falcon 20 CF700 engine certifications programme. Besides the lower cost of servicing, the great benefit of the full coil rotors is the extension of the TBO. On a -6 motor that meets all GE Service Bulletins, the fixed coil motor doubled the TBO from 5,000 to 10,000hrs.
With the -8A and CF700 solidarity pool rotors, the TBO will increase to 12,000hrs. is still working on the modification of Learjet 25Ds with Williams FJ44-2C powerplants and has held 260 hrs in the test programme. SpiritLear 25D contains more than the exchange of the General Electric CJ610 turbojet of the Learjet for the Williams-turbofan.
Structurally modified engine mounts move the new motors to 16 inch and outward four inch. New engine yokes, cones and dermal duplicators were developed to maintain the damage-tolerant cell of the Learjet 25D. The SpiritLear will burn 670 lbs per hour less than the initial 25D at a long-range cruising rate of 430 kn, and with six occupants it will travel 1,700 nm, about 700 nm further than the 25D.
This increase in aerodynamic performance results not only from the higher engine efficiencies, but also from the improvement in air flow over the blades and the air resistance reductions achieved by the misalignment. Further enhancements included all-day engine intake de-icing and blade tip heater, a threefold redundancy pressure-maintaining system, and cab and exterior noises. The upgrade of the Learjet 25 dashboard to a state-of-the-art three-stage LCD dashboard is no easy job.
The Stevens Aviation factory in Nashville, Tenn. took over the order to expand its second Universal EFI-890R upgrading programme. Learjet 25 has its own challenges: in additon to the questions of Part 25 certifications, there are 14 additional types of certifications associated with the Learjet suite; the range of installable tools.
It was Stevens Aviation's intention to begin flying tests of the Learjet 25 system this past month, with full completion of completion by the end of the year. Following devices will be deployed in the Best Jet 21 Century Learjet 25 Platinum Edition: