4 ElementsThe 4 elements
Segments of the Macrocosmos showing the elementary realms of terrestrial (earth), aquatic (water), aerial (air) and infrared (fire) elements, Classic Elements refers characteristically to the old Greek concept of terrestrial, aquatic, airborne, fireborne and etheric, suggested to illustrate the natural and complex character of all matters in the form of simple substance....
1 ] Ancient civilizations in Babylonia, Japan, Tibet and India had similar schedules that sometimes referred to "air" as "wind" and the fifth as " emptiness" in the national language. Wu Xing's Chinese system enumerates wood (? mù), fire (? hu?), earth (? t?), metal (? j?n) and water (? shu?), although these are described as energy or transition rather than type of materials.
While some of these interpretation contained the atomicism (the concept of very small, inseparable parts of matter), others regarded the elements as dividable into infinite small parts without altering their natures. Whereas the ranking of the physical worlds in old India, Hellenistic Egypt and Greece in air, earth, fire and water was more sophisticated, in the Islamic Golden Age of the Medieval Ages scholars in the Near East used hands-on experiments to rank different types of objects.
In the meantime it is known that nuclear physics is a proper statement and that nuclear reactors can be divided into more than a hundred elements such as oxides, irons and cations. The elements make up chemicals and mixes, and under different temperature and pressure these materials can assume different states of aggregation.
Solids, liquids, gases and plasmas, the most frequently seen states, are those that are associated with the classic elements soil, fire, water as well as atmosphere, but it is now known that these states are due to a similar behaviour of different atomic species at similar energies and not to the fact that they contain a particular atomic species or a particular kind of indefinitely separable matter or source of power.
The four elements soil, sea, air and fire, as suggested by Ampedocles, often appear in classic thinking; Aristotle added a fifth one, the ether; it was named in India as akasha and in Europe as a quintessence. It was the five elements approach that provided the foundation for both Hindu and Buddhist analyses.
Hinduism, especially in an esoteric contexts, uses the four states of Matter as a description of matters, and a fifth one as a description of what was outside the physical state. Buddhism does not regard the four great elements, to which two more are sometimes added, as mere substance, but as a category of sensorial experiences. Enûma Eli?, a text composed between the eighteenth and sixteenth century B.C., refers to four deities that we could see as personalized elements: ocean, land, sky, upwind.
But in other Babellians, these phenomenon are regarded as unrelated to their associations with deities, although they are not dealt with as the components of the cosmos, as later in Empedocles. Chinese had a slightly different set of elements, namely fire, earth, metal (literally gold), water and wood, which were seen as different forms of energetic in a state of continuous interplay and flow with each other, and not as the West's idea of different forms of materials.
Though it is mostly interpreted as "element", the meaning of the term XXing is literal: "changing states of being", "permutations" or "metamorphoses of being". Simplified wu elements were seen as constantly shifting and evolving - a wu Xing interpretation is just "the five changes". Wu XPing are mainly an old memory tool for five-level memory devices; hence the preference to translate "movements", "phases" or "steps" over "elements".
" Inside Bagsua metals are associated with the fortune teller ? Duì (?, the sea or the swamp area: ?/? zé) and with ? Qián (?, the skies or the sky: ? ti?n). Timber is associated with ? Xùn (?, the wind: ?/? f?ng) and ? Shèn (?, the awakening / thunder: ? léi).
Given the longevity of meteor ice, the metals were associated with ether, which is sometimes fused with pneumatics, since both concepts were initially related to wind (the former are higher, lighter, more passionate, or more heavenly, and the latter are only more warm and therefore more energetic or biogenetic).
According to China's philosophical system, the cosmos is made up of heaven and earth. What is the world? These five main planet are assigned to the elements and even after them: the five main planets: And Jupiter ?? is wood (?), Mars ?? is fire (?), Saturn ?? is soil (?), Venus ?? is metal (?), and Mercury ?? is water (?). Yin, Yang, and the five elements are linked to topics in the I Ching, the oldest of the classic Chineses text describing an old system of cosmonology and philosophical thought.
These five elements also have an important role in China's space science and the China shape of geometry known as Feng-Shui. Timber sustains fire; fire produces soil (ashes); soil carries metals; brass gathers moisture; rain sustains it. Wooden parts soil; soil absorb moisture; fire extinguishes fire; fire smelts metals; iron shreds timber.
Classical Greece's faith in five fundamental elements, namely soil (?? ge), sea (???? hudor), wind (??? aer), fire (??? pur) and ether (????? aither), originated in pre-Socratic periods and lasted throughout the Middle Ages until the Renaissance, shaping the way of thinking and thinking in Europe and shaping it. The five elements are sometimes associated with the five solid bodies, illustrating a lighted trunk.
All four elements are released when the protocol is destructed. In Sicily, the philosophy scholar Empedokles (ca. 450 B.C.) demonstrated (at least to his satisfaction) that atmosphere is a distinct entity by finding that a pail reversed into a pail of drinking fountain fluid was not full of it, and that an inner bag of fluid remained in it.
Preempedocles Greeks had discussed which was the original ingredient from which everything else was made; Heraclitus advocated fire, Thales backed waters, and anaximens jumped into the wasps. Ampedocles was the first to suggest four elements: fire, soil, atmosphere and rain. Aristotle, in his book On Generation and Corruption, linked each of the four elements with two of the four sensory qualities:
Waters are both cool and humid. The soil is both cool and arid. Traditional diagrams have one squares enrolled in the other, with the corner of one being the traditional element and the corner of the other the characteristic. In Egypt, a text authored in Hellenistic or ancient Rome named Kore Kosmou ("Virgin of the World"), attributed to Hermes Trismegistus (associated with the ancient gods Thoth), mentions the four elements fire, sea, sky and ground.
Some of the creatures, my son, are friendly with fire, and some with fire, and some with fire, and some with water, and some with fire, and some with two or three of them, and some with all. And on the contrary, again some are made foes of fire, and some of waters, and some of soil, and some of air, and some of two of them, and some of three, and some of all.
As an example, sons, locusts and all birds are fleeing from the fire; eagles and falcons and all lofty fowls from the waters; aquatic life, sea, land and sea; serpents from the free world. Whilst serpents and all insidious things are loving the ground; all floating things are loving the waters; wing-like things, aerial things of which they are the citizen; while those who still go higher are loving the fire and have the living space nearby.
It is not that some of the creatures do not like fire either, for example Salamander, because they even have their home in it. It' s because one or the other of the elements forms the external shell of her body. The five elementary elements of soil, fire, water, atmosphere and room are the main material of all existing phenomenon or aggregate in Bon or old tibetan philosophies.
Elementary process is the base for calendars, cosmonology, medicine, psychological science and is the base for spirit tradition of schamanism, Tantrism and Dzogchen. Elements' designations are analogue to the categorized experience perceptions of the physical being. Each name is a symbol and the keys to its intrinsic properties and/or effects are the same.
The elementary process in Bon is a basic metaphor for working with outer, inner and hidden energies. The five elementary phenomena in their essence of cleanliness are intrinsic to the thought stream and connect the Trikaja and are elements of primal energies. This elementary system used in mediaevalal alchemy was primarily designed by the Arabian chemist J?bir ibn Hayy?n (donor).
His system was made up of the four classic elements aerial, terrestrial, fire and aquatic and two philosophy elements: sulfur, which characterizes the flammability principles, "the burning stone"; and quicksilver, which characterizes the metal property principles. Early chemists regarded them as idealised forms of expression of irreducible universe components and they are of greater importance in philosophy-alchemistry.
Japonese tradition uses a number of elements named www. gnai (godai, lit. "five great"). The five are soil, sea, fire, breeze and breeze and emptiness. They came from the Indian Vastu Schastra philosophical and buddhistic faith; in top of that, the classic elements of China (??, wu xing) are also present in Japan, especially for the powerful neo-confucians during the Edo Middle Ages.
Well, the planet presented things that were sound. Waters were things that were fluid. Fires were things that destroyed. It was the atmosphere that presented things that were moving. Voice or Sky/Heaven were things that were not part of our daily lives. Today's scientists recognize clusters of particle elements that have no sub-structure (or rather, particle that does not consist of other particles) and compound particle elements that have a sub-structure (particle that consists of other particles).
Elements: Dictionary of Chinese symbols. Physik und Fusion, London: Springer Science and Business Media, p. 12, ISBN 978-1-84996-411-1, Ampedocles (495-435 B.C.) suggested that the universe consists of soil, sea, air and fire, which may represent hard, fluid, gaseous and slightly ionised plasmas. Mendeleyev' s Traum - the search for the elements.