Indian Taxi carIndo taxi car
crore ($11 million).
Its ambassador was essentially the same Morris Oxford Series - III that was created by Morris, then part of the British Motor Corporation. By 1956 it had divested the assets and tools to Hindustan Motors, as for its earlier Series I and II cars Hindustan Motors divested as Hindustan 10 and Landmaster.
Series III itself was an evolution of the Morris Oxford Series II aircraft created before the Austin-Morris fusion. Alec Issigonis, whose other renowned designers were Mini and Morris Minor, created the car. The Hindustan Motors Limited (HM), part of the Birla Group, was India's leading automobile manufacturer and later a flag ship of the C.K. Birla Group.
It was founded by B.M. Birla in 1942, shortly before the Indian Republic gained sovereignty. Start of operation in a small production facility in Port Okha near Gujarat, they assembled the former Morris 10 as Hindustan 10. By the mid -1950s, they were planning to retrofit their then-current Hindustan model with the Morris Oxford Series Il (Hindustan Landmaster), finally acquiring the right to the new Morris Oxford Series III.
Morris MO Series cars (the previous and next with a new front grille) were launched in 1949, as was the Hindustan 14. Until 1954 the Landmaster was produced on the basis of the Morris Oxford Series II with the same 1476 ccm side valved motor as the former Hindustan 14.
From 1958 to 1960 the same motor was used for the older Ambassador Mark I. From the beginning the ambassador stayed in continual operation, with very few enhancements or changes. Hindustan Motors relocated its Hindustan Motors factory from Port Okha in Gujarat to Uttarpara/Hindmotor in the Hooghly County in West Bengal in 1948 and increased its automotive output.
Morris Oxford Serie II of 1954 in India was licensed three years after its British début in Uttarpara (Hooghly County), West Bengal, and in 1957 was called Hindustan Landmaster. The factory, which manufactures Ambassadors, Contessa and commercial cars such as Trekker, Porter and Pushpak, also has many innovative and improved features in the Indian automotive world.
Hinustan Motors is the only company in the industry that currently manufactures parts for Bedford vehicles. Selling Ambassador cabs has been prohibited since April 1, 2011, one year after BS IV emissions standard was introduced in 11 Indian towns, among them Calcutta. Later Hindustan Motors equipped the vehicles with a clean turbo diesels in order to meet the new emissions regulations so that they could take up taxi services in towns like Calcutta, one of the towns where the car was forbidden.
Hindustan Motors signed a 1957 contract for the production of 1956 Morris Oxford III in India in order to continue its previous cooperation with Morris Motors, which had now become the British Motor Corporation after the Austin Motors fusion. The tools were relocated to the Uttarpara factory in India. This car was re-branded when Ambassador (later named Mark 1) came onto the market in mid-1957 and the early Morris Oxford II Range car deriving from Hindustan Landmaster was phased out.
In the new version there were low headlight fairings and small wings "tail fins". For the ambassador, the Landmaster's low two-spoke castor gave way to a curved castor featuring three coils consisting of four wire each. Those had a 1476 ccm side valved motor from Austin Motors.
The ambassador received a front-end face-lift in January 1964 with a densely checked barbecue resembling Morris Mini. It was called Ambassador Mark II, and the early release was quickly referred to as Mark I on the scene, while it was never formally baptized that way during the day of manufacture.
In the middle of the 60's the car had some small changes at the rear light with built-in lenses for the control and hazard light and the high, decorated Mark I fender stop was newly designed with a smaller chromed metallic fender. In 1975 this car was finally available and the Mark III car finally superseded it.
As one of the omnipresent early Ambassador designs, many older ones can be found in restorations, car parks, and many Indian films of the time. 1975 the Mark 3 model was introduced to the market with another front-end uplift. In 1978 the Mark 3 was available in Standard and Deluxe editions.
Deluxe had a newer four meter plus tachometer dashboard. Shortly before the start of the Mark 4, the windshield squeegee configurations of the Mark 3 were modified, with a change of windshield squeegee in the same orientation for both squeegees. It has a shorter manufacturing time of less than 3 years before it was superseded by a Mark IV in 1977.
The Ambassador Mark 3 was available in 1977 and 1978 with a 1760 model of the Morris 1. 5-litre in-line quad, specially designed to have enough output to drive a full climate control system. It was still available as Mark IV, but very few were available and was abandoned in 1979.
Mark 4 was the name of this car. Additionally to the gasoline option a 1489 ccm 37 hp hybrid motor of the 1489 ccm 37 hp hybrid type was introduced to the market. This was the first autocar in India and was well accepted by the Indians, although at first it was only available as a taxi or for use by the Indian authorities, as the latter limited the possession of autocars.
Mark IV was the last of the Mark coaches. Shortly the automobiles were available as "Deluxe" and were later re-named Ambassador Nova. With the exception of the front hood area, the 1990 Ambassador was practically the same as the 1956 Ambassador, although most of the changes were simple and cosmetical.
Most of this technical paralysis was due to the Indian government's policy of protectionism and there were few incentives for Indian firms to carry out innovations. Ambassador has turned out to be the car that was mass-produced until 2014 on the same production line (Uttarpara, West Bengal, India) throughout the whole globe with minimum changes in styling over the longest period of the year.
During the course of its pilot run in the mid-1980s, India started a process of regulated liberalization of the economy that enabled many Jap firms to establish JVs in India. At that time, the Standard Motors, Premier Automobiles and Hindustan Motors producers were awarded licenses for vehicles of the larger group. Ambassador remains the preferred midrange car for the whole range, even though it was a pre-modern styled car with date pattern.
It also intended to comprehensively modernise its machinery and generating station system, resulting in a product that would later be marketed as Nova. In 1990 the Ambassador Nova was presented in two versions - a 55 hp petrol-powered deluxe and a 37 hp diesel-powered DX-drive. Ambassador Nova was given a redesigned handlebar, a new handlebar, better braking and electrics.
There were also some cosmetical changes, including a new grill, keeping the quadratic indicators of the former Mark IV. To make it more attractive, another release was published in 1992. Called the Ambassador 1800 ISZ, this car had a 75 hp 1817 cc Isuzu four-stroke 1817 cc motor and a five-speed ground gear transmission.
Isuzu 1817 cc motor, used in its luxurious HM Contessa 1. 8 GL with 88 hp, was slightly out of tune for the new ambassador. At the Delhi Motor Show in 1998, this car was given the title "Classic", and since then Ambassador Classics have been available with a range of 1.5 to 2.0 litre gasoline, CNG and compression ignition versions throughout the Ambassador line.
The 1500 litre Hindustan petrol motor did not exceed Bharat IV emission levels and from 2011 was no longer permitted to be marketed in 13 of India's largest towns. This hit the end of the Classics series as it eliminates most of the taxi part.
- 2013 Hindustan Ambassador Grand 2000DSZ in a shower room. The Ambassador Grand was introduced in 2003 and according to the manufacturers the new release had 137 changes over the previous one. Ambassador Grand sound reduction was designed by Treves of France. Ambassador's Grand was initially only available in 2. l and 1. 8 l versions and later in 2007 the 1. 5 l was added to the range.
Introduced in 2004, the Avigo is the most sweeping reworking of the revered ambassador, part of a revival started in mid-2003. Changing the name, a rupture with the Ambassador label, indicated a different type of marketer. This revitalised cast included the Ambassador Classic from mid-2003, the Ambassador Grand from the end of 2003 and the already mentioned Avigo with the Manvindra Singh design.
The most overwhelming impact on the front hood, however, was that of the Landmaster range (also modeled after Morris Oxford). An overhaul of the whole dashboard was done with a classical vintage design, recalling the early centrally installed new cluster designs (such as the Mark IV models). Designed specifically for this 2 tons car, the seat has a tan design and wood-like interior.
The car creator Dilip Chhabria developed a design modelled on the Ambassador version of Ambierod. Hindustan Motors does not manufacture this car, nor is it built on the Messenger. However, several style shoes were lent by the messenger. During the early 90's the old OHV-Straight-4 in Austin developed OHV Straight-4 BMW 1 x 5- L gasoline B-series motor was substituted in favor of an Isuzu 1 x 8 liter motor and became the quickest serial car in India that beat Fiat and the then Maruti Suzuki.
Currently available motors are the 1500 ADSL ( 1. 37 hp 37 hp 5L gasoline engine), 1800 ISZ (1. 8 hp 75 hp MPFI gasoline engine), 2000 DSZ (2. 0 hp 50 hp Isuzu gasoline engine) and 2000 DSZ Turbo (2. 0 hp 75 hp Isuzu gasoline supercharged intercooled Isuzu gasoline engine). At the end of the 1970' a series of Mark III ambassadors with 1.760 ccm motors was made.
"to Peugeot for 80 crore". Full Stop India. Assassador Car - The King of Indian Roads. Hindustan Motors is stopping the manufacture of Ambassador Cars. <font color="#ffff00">-==- sync:ßÇÈâÈâ "Ambassador car maker sold to Peugeot by Hindustan Motors". "And what on earth has the R&D division of Hindustan Motor Corporation done over the last 25 years?
India. p. 30. "Assassador Encore. The Immortal." Tops gear India. Hindustan Motors unveils the technical specifications of Ambassador Encore BS4 Diesel - Indian Cars Bikes. www.indiancarsbikes.in. Indianlimo.com. Top Gear: Serie 20, episode 2, BBC Two, reviews. Ambassador has listed the best taxi in the whole wide range of the Top Gear - Times of India.
It'?s an apitaph for India's "horrible" state car.