Canadian CharterCharter of Canada
Everybody has the following basic freedoms: Any Canadian national has the right to cast a ballot and qualify for affiliation in the elections of members of the House of Commons or a legislature. 1. Every Canadian national has the right to travel to, stay in and depart from Canada.
b ) to follow the obtaining of a living in each of the provinces. Paragraphs (2) and (3) shall not exclude laws, programmes or activities aimed at improving the living standards of persons in this Province who are deprived of social or economic opportunities where the level of work in this Province is lower than the level of work in Canada.
a) to be notified of the concrete crime without undue delays; b) to be brought to justice within a reasonably short period of its duration; c) not to be forced to testify in legal action against that individual for the crime; d) to be held harmless until proved guilty according to the Act in a just and open trial by an unbiased third party court;
g ) are not found to have committed any act or forbearance, unless at the moment of the act or forbearance it represented an offense under Canadian or foreign laws or was punishable under the general legal rules recognised by the International Covenant; i) if it was found to have committed the offense and if the penalty for the offense was different between the moment of the committal and the moment of the conviction for the lighter penalty.
In a case, a participant or witnesses who does not understood or speaks the speech in which the case is being heard or who is deaf shall be entitled to the interpretation of an interpretation. 1. Everyone shall be treated equally before and after the Act and shall have the right to the same level of legal protections and performance without distinction and in particular without distinction as to racial, ethnic or national origin, color, religion, gender, age or mental or physical inability.
1. French and German shall be the official Canadian language and shall have the same legal personality, right and privilege with regard to their use in all Parliamentary and Governmental bodies of Canada. 2. Anglophone and French shall be the languages of New Brunswick and shall have the same legal personality, as well as equivalent prerogatives and entitlements with regard to their use in all Parliamentary and Governmental bodies of New Brunswick.
Nothing in this Charter shall limit the power of Parliament or any legislator to promote equivalence or the use of either the English or Western languages. In New Brunswick, the English-speaking world and the French-speaking world shall have the same legal personality, right and privilege, which shall include the right to separate education establishments and different forms of culture, necessary for the maintenance and development of those societies.
b ) Due to the type of bureau, it is appropriate that communication with that bureau and the provision of that bureau's service be available in both English and French. Any member of the New Brunswick general public shall have the right to correspond with any bureau of an Institution of Parliament or of the New Brunswick Administration in English or French and to obtain available service.
No provision in paragraphs 16 to 20 shall supersede or derogate from any lawful or ordinary right or privilege obtained or otherwise enjoined before or after the entry into effect of this Charter in relation to any non- Englisch or non Französisch languages. b ) who have completed their elementary education in Canada in either British or French and live in a provincial territory in which the tongue in which they completed such education is the one of the majority of the languages of the province's British or French-speaking minorities, 2. Citizens of Canada of whom a Canadian citizen has completed or is completing a Canadian child's elementary or lower secondary education in either British or French shall have the right to have all their Canadian children complete elementary and upper secondary education in the same langua.
b ) shall include, where the number of such offspring justifies it, the right to attend such education in institutions for the teaching of languages of minorities financed by States. 1. Anyone whose liberties or interests, as enshrined in this Charter, have been violated or refused may request a judicial review before a tribunal which the tribunal deems appropriate and equitable.
2. If, in the course of a proceeding referred to in paragraph 1, a judicial authority finds that the taking of evidence has been carried out in a way which infringes or refuses the fundamental right and freedom set out in this Charter, it shall not be required to furnish proof if it is found that, taking into account all the relevant factors, inclusion in the proceeding would discredit the course of justice. 1.
This Charter's warranty of certain human and civil liberties must not be understood as refusing the other human and civil liberties that Canada enjoys. The Charter shall be drafted in such a way as to be compatible with the conservation and improvement of the multi-cultural patrimony of Canadians. Irrespective of all the provisions of this Charter, the human and civil liberties set forth therein shall be safeguarded in equal measure for men and women.
References in this Charter to a provincial or to the Provincial Legislative Assemblies or Legislatures shall be construed as references to the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories or, as the case may be, to the competent Legislatures thereof. There is nothing in this Charter that increases the legal power of an institution or group.
b ) to the legislator and the provincial governments of each Province in relation to all affairs which fall within the competence of the legislator of each Provinince. 1. The parliament or legislator of a provincial region may explicitly state in a law of the parliament or legislator that the law or a rule thereof shall take effect notwithstanding any rule in section 2 or section 7 to 15 of this Charter.
2. A statute or regulation of a statute for which a statement under this Section is in force shall function as it would have done only for the determination of this Charter mentioned in the statement. 4. The parliament or legislator of a provincial authority may follow a statement under subparagraph (1).
Paragraph (3) shall apply to a readjustment in accordance with paragraph (4). It can be described as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.